- What are cookies? Cookies are small-sized files which contain letters and numbers. Cookies are a device for the exchange between the user’s browser and the web server. These data files are not executable, do not contain spy software or viruses, and cannot gain access to the contents of the users’ hardware.
- What can cookies be used for? With the data provided by cookies, the web browsers can be recognized more easily, thus providing the users with relevant and “personalized” content. Cookies make browsing more convenient, regarding the preferences about online data safety and relevant ads. With the help of cookies the operators of web pages can have anonymous statistics about the visitors’ habits, which the operators of the page can use to personalize the appearance and contents of the page.
- What cookies can you encounter?
Web pages can use 2 types of cookies.
- Session cookies, which are deleted from your computer when you close your browser.
- Persistent cookies remain stored on your computer until deleted, or until they reach their date of expiration.
- Cookies placed in your browser by a third party (e.g. Google Analytics). These are placed in your browser if the visited web page uses the services provided by third parties.
Essential session cookies:
The usage of these is essential to navigate the website and for the the functioning of the website. Without the acceptance of these, the website, or parts of the website will appear incomplete or may be malfunctioning.
Analytics or performance cookies:
These can help with differentiating the visitors of the website and collect data on how visitors engage on the website. These cookies ensure, for example, that the website remembers your login when you require it to do so. These cookies do not collect data which can identify you; instead, they store the data collectively and anonymously. (E.g. Google Analytics)
The job of these cookies is to enhance the user experience. They detect and store for example, what device you used to open the website, or they store the information provided by you earlier: e.g. automatic log in, changes in the selection of language, size of the text, font, or any other customizable element. These cookies do not track your activity on different websites. However, some information for personal identification you had shared previously may be found within the data collected.
With the help of these, websites can provide information (marketing) closest to your unique interests. Your explicit consent is required. These cookies collect detailed information about your browsing habits.
5. Do cookies contain personal information?
Most cookies do not contain personal information, users cannot be identified with them. The stored data is used for a more pleasurable browsing experience. The data is stored in a way that they cannot be accessed by unauthorized personnel.
6. Why are cookies important on the Internet?
The role of cookies is to make the browsing experience more pleasurable to the users, since they set the ads and contents based on the users browsing histories. Disabling or restricting cookies result in leaving some of the websites unfit for use. Disabled or restricted cookies do not mean, however, that ads do not appear for the users, the only things that do not appear are ads and contents that are “personalized”, so they do not tend to the user’s needs and interests. Some samples for the usage of cookies:
- Contents, services and products, suited to the user’s needs
- Offers outlined based on the user’s interests
- In instances where you requested it, keeping you logged in (Keep me logged in)
- Child protection filters regarding the contents of the Internet (family mode options, safe search functions)
- The regulation of the frequency of ads; meaning that the appearance of an ad can be restricted so that it does not appear to the user
- Relevant ads for the user
Factors for safety and data safety.
Cookies are not viruses, nor spying software (spyware). Since they are simple text based files they are not executable, so they are not considered programs. However, it can occur that something gets hidden inside the cookies with the wrong intentions, so that the given cookies function as spyware. Due to this, virus detectors and antivirus software can constantly try deleting cookies.
Since the device used for browsing the Internet and the web servers communicate constantly, sending the data back and forth, if a hacker interjects, they can gain the data stored by the cookies. One of the reasons for this can be insufficient Internet (WiFi) encryption settings.
8. Management and deletion of cookies
Cookies can be deleted or disabled using the browsers. Browsers can allow the acceptance of cookies by default. This can be disabled in the settings of the browser, or the current cookies can also be deleted. Besides, notifications sent by the broswer to the user can also be set when it sends a cookie to the device. It is important to emphasize, however, that the disablement or restriction for these cookies worsen the browsing experience, and errors can occur in the browsers functions.
- • Settings can usually be found in the browsers “Options” or “Settings” tab. Every browser’s search option is different, so in order to find the right setting, please use the “Help” section of your browser and the following links to modify the cookie settings:
Cookie settings in Internet Explorer
Cookie settings in Firefox
Cookie settings in Chrome
Cookie settings in Safari
- • For the disablement of the anonymous analytics (Google Analytics) you need to install “Google Analytics plug-in” to your browser, which stops the website from sending information about you to Google Analytics. You can find more information on this topic:& Privacy vagy Google Elvek és Irányelvek
Other useful links
If you want to know more about cookies and about the usage of them: